The Tsar had total power in Russia. From 1986 to around 1988, he dismantled central planning, allowed state enterprises to set their own outputs, enabled private investment in businesses not previously permitted to be privately owned and allowed foreign investment, among other measures. His policy of de-Stalinisation earned him many enemies within the party, especially from old Stalinist appointees. Dec. 1994: Russian troops enter the breakaway republic of Chechnya to stop an independence movement. [2] The office of the Chairman of the Council of Ministers was comparable to a prime minister in the First World[1] whereas the office of the Chairman of the Presidium was comparable to a president. Т. 1. Brezhnev - Leonid Ilyich was a party goer and quite fun person in his primes. Under the 1977 Constitution, the Chairman of the Council of Ministers, or Premier, was the head of government[1] and the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet was the head of state. [21] As Khrushchev grew older, his erratic behavior became worse, usually making decisions without discussing or confirming them with the Politburo. Князья крупнейших княжеств (сост. chairmen (or first secretaries) of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union; Vladimir Ilich Lenin: 1917–24: Joseph Stalin: 1924–53: Georgy Malenkov: 1953: Nikita Khrushchev: 1953–64: Leonid Brezhnev: 1964–82: Yury Andropov: 1982–84: Konstantin Chernenko: 1984–85: Mikhail Gorbachev: 1985–91: presidents of Russia; Boris Yeltsin: 1991–99: Vladimir Putin: 1999–2008 The post of the General Secretary was abolished in 1952 under Stalin and later re-established by Nikita Khrushchev under the name of First Secretary. 1995. — Екатеринбург: Урал. This is not the first time Western leaders flirted with the idea of a new world order. Note that † denotes leaders who died in office. For the leaders of the Provisional Government, the preservation of the Russian state depended on the success of the military. The Bolsheviks succeeded, and created the Soviet Union. Курс лекций / Под ред. He also opened up the management of and decision-making within the Soviet Union and allowed greater public discussion and criticism, along with a warming of relationships with the West. 20th century, eh? Vladimir Lenin was born in Ulyanovsk, Russia, in 1870. Vladimir Lenin was voted the Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Soviet Union (Sovnarkom) on 30 December 1922 by the Congress of Soviets. Will you save the world or help destroy it? Т. In 1576, Ivan the Terrible returned to the throne. Asked by Georgi. By Olivia Gazis September 10, 2020 / 7:33 AM / CBS News Stalin's early policies pushed for rapid industrialisation, nationalisation of private industry[14] and the collectivisation of private plots created under Lenin's New Economic Policy. [20], Khrushchev denounced Stalin on two occasions, first in 1956 and then in 1962. This marks a distinct break in Russian history in terms of size, policies, and global politics. In late 2012, for example, top EU and Russian leaders, including Putin, met in Brussels for the 30th EU-Russia Summit. [12] Irrespective of his health status in his final days, Lenin was already losing much of his power to Joseph Stalin. гос. During its sixty-nine-year history, the Soviet Union usually had a de facto leader who would not necessarily be head of state but would lead while holding an office such as Premier or General Secretary. In order, who were all the Russian leaders in the 20th century? Amid rumours about Russian President Vladimir Putin's health, the BBC Russian Service looks at past Russian and Soviet leaders, and how … В. А. Кучкин) // Древняя Русь в средневековом мире. The US and several European countries call on Russia to release the Kremlin critic, who was arrested after arriving in Moscow. История России. Russian President Vladimir Putin pledged that the country would continue to develop as an open market, but fired a broadside at the U.S. by halting the use of the dollar for trade. техн. After Stalin's death, Malenkov succeeded him in all his titles but was forced to resign most of them within a month by the Politburo. Can you put the last 10 Leaders / Presidents* of Russia in order, from earliest to most recent, without making a mistake? It includes titles Prince of Novgorod, Grand Prince of Kiev, Grand Prince of Vladimir, Grand Prince of Moscow, Tsar of All Rus', and Emperor of All Russia. Kerensky served as the second Prime Minister of the Russian Provisional Government until Vladimir Lenin was elected by the All-Russian Congress of Soviets following the October Revolution. One of Orwell's goals in writing Animal Farm was to portray the Russian (or Bolshevik) Revolution of 1917 as one that resulted in a government more oppressive, totalitarian, and deadly than the one it overthrew. Alexander Kerensky (4 May 1881 – 11 June 1970) was a major political leader before and during the Russian Revolutions of 1917. Nikolai Tikhonov usually chaired the meetings in his place. [2] In the ideology of Vladimir Lenin, the head of the Soviet state was a collegiate body of the vanguard party (see What Is To Be Done?). [7], Contemporaneously to the establishment of the office of the President, representatives of the Congress of People's Deputies voted to remove Article 6 from the Soviet Constitution which stated that the Soviet Union was a one-party state controlled by the Communist Party which in turn played the leading role in society. RIM and its leaders Stanislav Anatolyevich Vorobyev, Denis Valiullovich Gariyev, and Nikolay Nikolayevich Trushchalov are designated pursuant to Executive Order 13224, as amended by Executive Order 13886, for providing training for acts of terrorism that threaten the national security and foreign policy of the United States and being leaders of such a group. ‘Appalling’: World leaders blast Russia over Navalny arrest. However, it wasn’t until the collapse of the Soviet Union, America’s ideological arch enemy, that the plan for global domination, with the United States as the supreme authority, grabbed the imagination of … On the orders of the Politburo, Mikoyan was forced to retire in 1965 and Nikolai Podgorny took over the office of Chairman of the Presidium. Many political groups, especially the Communist-aligned Bolshevik party, fought for control after the fall of the Tsar. A Russian judge ruled Monday that opposition leader Alexei Navalny must remain in retail detention for 30 days after he was detained on Sunday immediately upon his return to Moscow, where he traveled after recovering in Germany from a near-fatal poisoning attack. This is the list of rulers of Ancient Rus', the Russian Tsardom, Empire, Republic, the RSFSR, the USSR, and the modern Russian Federation. It ends with the Emperor of Russia Nicholas II who abdicated the throne in 1917, and was shot dead with his family in 1918. Following Joseph Stalin's consolidation of power in the 1920s,[3] the post of the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party became synonymous with leader of the Soviet Union,[4] because the post controlled both the Communist Party and the Soviet government[3] both indirectly via party membership and via the tradition of a single person holding two highest posts in the party and in the government. [27] Following Andropov's death fifteen months after his appointment, an even older leader, 72 year old Konstantin Chernenko, was elected to the General Secretariat. The timeline below highlights key Russian leaders. Russia's foreign minister calls for ‘post-West world order’ in speech to global leaders. — М., 2014. Woodrow Wilson, and later, Winston Churchill, were also guilty of it. Thanks for A2A, Quora User. 2. Inforamtion about the leaders of Russia from the 1300's to thef 2000's. Russian Federation 2008 : Dmitry Medvedev 1999-2008: Vladimir Putin 1991-1999: Boris Yeltsin Soviet Union 1985-1991: Mikhail Gorbatchev 1984-1985: Konstantin Chernenko It will allow you to open any chart or timeline and make modifications. In order who were all the Russian leaders in the 20th century - trivia question /questions answer / answers. Until February 15,” the judge’s spokeswoman Kira Yarmysh … Astrix Answer has 11 votes Currently Best Answer. (This may be a factory flaw). This vote weakened the party and its hegemony over the Soviet Union and its people. He died in exile. In 1983, Andropov was hospitalised and rarely met up at work to chair the politburo meetings due to his declining health. In the period 1610-1612 after the overthrow of Tsar Vasily Shuisky, power in Moscow belonged to the Boyar Duma, which created an interim government of seven boyars. This is a list of all reigning monarchs in the history of Russia. On four occasions—the 2–3 year period between Vladimir Lenin's incapacitation and Joseph Stalin's leadership; the three months following Stalin's death;[38] the interval between Nikita Khrushchev's fall and Leonid Brezhnev's consolidation of power;[23] and the ailing Konstantin Chernenko's tenure as General Secretary[56]— the Soviet Union was governed by an oligarchy known as a troika (i.e. Russian politicians leaders Lenin, Stalin, Hrutchev, Putin and Medvedev 5 pc largest doll is 6 inches made from russian linden wood and hand painted great one of a kind birthday gifts for girls He told El Pais that Russian president Vladimir Putin ordered his Novichok poisoning attack. The President of the Soviet Union, an office created in March 1990, replaced the General Secretary as the highest Soviet political office. The post of General Secretary of the party, which was held by Stalin, became the most important post in the Soviet hierarchy. Ukraine and the United States have accused Russian President Vladimir Putin … Timeline - Soviet Leaders 1917 - 1991 Description This timeline shows the leaders of the Soviet Union and when they ruled starting with Kerensky, the head of the Provisional Government, and ending with Gorbachev in 1991 when the Russian Republic was formed. Can you put the last 10 Leaders / Presidents* of Russia in order, from earliest to most recent, without making a mistake? During the period of time before the Russian Revolution, life for the working class people and the peasants was very difficult. [22] Leonid Brezhnev, a close companion of Khrushchev, was elected First Secretary the same day of Khrushchev's removal from power. Political Leaders Revolutionaries Russian Women Leaders Presidents Prime Ministers Military Leaders The largest country in the world, Russia expands from northern Asia to Eastern Europe, spanning through eleven time zones and covering more than one-eighth of the world’s inhabited land area. [9] After the failed August 1991 coup, the Vice President was replaced by an elected member of the State Council of the Soviet Union.[10]. Many political groups, especially the Communist-aligned Bolshevik party, fought for control after the fall of the Tsar. [15] As leader of the Politburo, Stalin consolidated near-absolute power by 1938 after the Great Purge, a series of campaigns of political murder, repression and persecution. After the dramatic flight into Moscow by Russian opposition figurehead Alexei Navalny – who arrived on a plane full of journalists, live streamed his defiant speech on arrival and was promptly detained at passport control – the basic question is: … Vladimir Putin Moscow, Russia. Western leaders blame today’s global disorder on an increasingly assertive China and disruptive Russia. Western governments have failed to live up to the values underpinning a liberal international order — a failure compounded by inept policymaking and internal divisions. History Quiz / Last Ten: Russian Leaders in Order Random History or World Leaders Quiz Can you put the last 10 Leaders / Presidents* of Russia in order, from earliest to most recent, without making a mistake? [16] Nazi German troops invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941,[17] but by December the Soviet Army managed to stop the attack just shy of Moscow. [30] The dismantling of the principal defining features of Soviet Communism in 1988 and 1989 in the Soviet Union led to the unintended consequence of the Soviet Union breaking up after the failed August 1991 coup led by Gennady Yanayev.[31]. In 1575, Ivan the Terrible declared the Kassim Khan "the Grand Duke of all Russia," but retained influence on the country's politics. Yet the principal threat lies closer to home. In 1917, two revolutions completely changed the fabric of Russia. The leaders of the provisional government, including young Russian lawyer Alexander Kerensky, established a liberal program of rights such as freedom of … проф. [28], At the age of 54, Mikhail Gorbachev was elected to the General Secretariat by the Politburo on 11 March 1985. In 1966, Leonid Brezhnev reverted the office title to its former name. It begins with the Prince of Novgorod Rurik in the year 862. A major event leading to the Russian Revolution took place on January 22, 1905. The Russian Federation held its first presidential election on June 12, 1991. Drawing Instructions. Chairmen of the Provisional Government (1917). "triumvirate"),[57] whereby policymaking depended on the consensus of three chief figures within the Politburo. This past week, on US President Donald Trump's watch Russia and China have effectively re-aligned the coming world order. Biography 1952 Vladimir Putin was born in Leningrad on October 7, 1952. These twin policies were known as perestroika (literally meaning "reconstruction", though it varies) and glasnost ("openness" and "transparency"), respectively. The Russian Presidential spokesman said, "As for system-forming enterprises -- [the leaders agreed] to establish personal communication between heads of agencies and heads of these enterprises. 1975 In 1975, he graduated with a degree in law from Leningrad State University. [18] Stalin died in March 1953[19] and his death triggered a power struggle in which Nikita Khrushchev after several years emerged victorious against Georgy Malenkov. He later earned a Ph.D. degree in economics. [11] At the age of 53, his health declined from effects of two bullet wounds, later aggravated by three strokes which culminated with his death in 1924. [23] The Soviet Union in the post-Khrushchev 1960s was governed by a collective leadership. During his lifetime, Alexander I appointed Nicholas as heir, because his elder brother, Abdicated in favor of his younger brother. Б. В. Личмана. Explore this section to know more about some of the famous leaders of the 20th century. Russia's “Ethnic Revival”: The Separatist Activism of Regional Leaders in a Postcommunist Order - Volume 49 Issue 2 - Daniel S. Treisman Skip to main content We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. Вторая половина XIX—XX вв. Leaders of Muscovy, Russia, the Russian Empire, and the Soviet Union; princes and grand princes of Moscow (Muscovy): Danilovich dynasty* *The Danilovich dynasty is a late branch of the Rurik … Then in October, a second Russian Revolution placed the Bolsheviks as the leaders of Russia, resulting in the creation of the world's first communist country. Question #8062. In the fall of 1612, a united rebelion liberated Moscow from Polish interventionists and abolished the Seven Boyars. This is the list of rulers of Ancient Rus', the Russian Tsardom, Empire, Republic, the RSFSR, the USSR, and the modern Russian Federation. ун-т. 1 Leader of the Provisonal Government 1919 2 Presidents of the Communist party of the Soviet Union 1919 - 1985 3 Premiers of the Soviet Union 1919-1985 4 Presidents of Russia 1985 - 5 Prime Ministers of Russia 1985 - He commanded the army, owned much of the land, and even controlled the church. While he was vacationing in, In October 1964, Brezhnev replaced Khrushchev as First Secretary of the Communist Party. Whistleblower says top DHS officials tried to stifle intel reports on Russian interference. These are the instructions given as a result of this communication in order for us to stop the downward trend in our bilateral relations because this is the basis of our ties”. Astrix 21 year member 79 replies Answer has 11 votes. [8] Upon death, resignation, or removal from office of an incumbent president, the Vice President of the Soviet Union would assume the office, though the Soviet Union dissolved before this was actually tested. This marks a distinct break in Russian history in … From there Lenin led the October Revolution to overthrow the provisional government that had overthrown the monarchy during the February Re… This page was last edited on 21 January 2021, at 15:40. Vote for this answer. He founded the Communist Party in 1912, but he spent years leading up to the Russian Revolution in exile abroad before Germany arranged for him to go back to Russia to get them out of World War One. Many saw this approach as destructive and destabilising. A group known as Anti-Party Group tried to oust Khrushchev from office in 1957, but it failed. It does not include regents, acting rulers, rulers of the separatist states in the territory of Russia, persons who applied for the post of ruler, but did not join it, rebel leaders who do not control the capital and the nominal heads of the RSFSR from the formation of the USSR to the establishment of the presidency of Russia. Thanks for watching!! Source: The Conversation – UK – By Alexander Titov, Lecturer in Modern European History, Queen’s University Belfast. The Bolsheviks succeeded, and created the Soviet Union. Leaders of Muscovy, Russia, the Russian Empire, and the Soviet Union; princes and grand princes of Moscow (Muscovy): Danilovich dynasty* *The Danilovich dynasty is a late branch of the Rurik dynasty and is named after its progenitor, Daniel. It's true, Russian women are known for their beauty, but that's not always the case in Russia as it isn't always the case in America's "most beautiful" cities. 2. U.S. leaders and their European allies are unprepared for the ways in which Putin is poised to wage war in Ukraine and the Baltic. The New Order: Last Days of Europe is an ambitious mod for Hearts of Iron IV presenting a unique alternate history Cold War between Germany, Japan and the USA, starting in 1962. Russian 19th-20th century romantic composer, pianist and teacher. [26] Yuri Andropov (aged 68 at the time) succeeded Brezhnev in his post as General Secretary in 1982. On Stalin's orders, the Soviet Union launched a counter-attack on Nazi Germany which finally succeeded in 1945. by nordic Plays Quiz Updated Apr 19, 2017 . [6][incomplete short citation] The post of General Secretary lacked clear guidelines of succession, so after the death or removal of a Soviet leader the successor usually needed the support of the Political Bureau (Politburo), the Central Committee, or another government or party apparatus to both take and stay in power. Timeline of Russian Leaders. Alexei Kosygin became the new Premier and Anastas Mikoyan kept his office as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet. The government was headed by the main boyar - Fedor Mstislavsky. С древнейших времён до второй половины XIX века. He died in exile. sfn error: no target: CITEREFArmstrong1989 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFService1986 (, Council of People's Commissars of the Soviet Union, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, List of heads of state of the Soviet Union, List of Presidents of the Russian Federation, Указ Президента СССР от 25.12.1991 N УП-3162 "О сложении Президентом СССР полномочий Верховного Главнокомандующего Вооруженными Силами СССР и упразднении Совета обороны при Президенте СССР", Succession In Moscow: Siberian Peasant Who Won Power; Konstantin Chernenko, A Brezhnev Protege, Led Brief Regime, Bibliography of the Russian Revolution and Civil War, Bibliography of Stalinism and the Soviet Union, Bibliography of the Post Stalinist Soviet Union, Dean Peter Krogh Foreign Affairs Digital Archives, Heads of State and Government of the Soviet Union (1922–1991), Lenin All-Union Academy of Agricultural Sciences, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_leaders_of_the_Soviet_Union&oldid=996436068, Lists of political office-holders in Russia, Lists of political office-holders in the Soviet Union, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with incomplete citations from December 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Following the death of Lenin, Stalin initially ruled as part of a troika alongside. If you see 'Yadi yadi yada' written in between an They were fired upon by soldiers and many of them were … This is a list of all reigning monarchs in the history of Russia. Elected on March 18, 2018. Russian President Vladimir Putin pledged that the country would continue to develop as an open market, but fired a broadside at the U.S. by halting the use of the dollar for trade. The table provides a chronological list of leaders of Russia since 1276. MOSCOW —Russian riot police detained dozens of protesters who took to the streets in Russia Saturday calling for the release of opposition leader Alexei Navalny — … The list started with a semi-legendary Prince of Novgorod Rurik sometime in the mid 9th century (862) and ended with the Emperor of All Russia Nicolas II. Here's a quick list of all the most important Russian leaders in chronological order either to refresh your studies of Russian history or to familiarize yourself with it in the fastest possible way. Political Leaders of the USSR. Despite being the head of the nation's ruling Party, he initially led the Soviet Union as part of a troika alongside Premier, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party, Served as General Secretary from 11 March 1985, After Stalin's death on 5 March 1953, a triumvirate assumed power consisting of, Upon Khrushchev's ouster in 1964, he was replaced by a troika comprising, This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 16:26. >>How would you rank the leaders of the Soviet Union in order of which you would invite for dinner? History Quiz / Soviet Leaders in Chronological Order Random History or World Leaders Quiz Can you pick these Soviet leaders in chronological order, from the first (earliest) to the last (most recent)? Defeat by Germany could mean a return to the old order … Being the head of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union,[5] the office of the General Secretary was the highest in the Soviet Union until 1990. ... a royal executed 50 years after that company was founded and two 20th century world leaders? To make is easier to digest only the most important ones are mentioned. See results from the Last Ten: Russian Leaders in Order Quiz on Sporcle, the best trivia site on the internet! A Large number of workers were marching to the Tsar's palace in order to present a petition for better working conditions. The Russian military is well-positioned to launch a conventional war in Ukraine and a hybrid war in the Baltic States, the opposite of what Western leaders seem to be expecting in each theater. In September 1953, Nikita Khrushchev emerged as leader of the Soviet Union upon becoming the First Secretary of the Communist Party. First download the free trial version of RFFlow. The table provides a chronological list of leaders of Russia since 1276. It does not include regents, acting rulers, rulers of the separatist states in the territory of Russia, persons who applied for the post of ruler, but did not join it, rebel leaders who do not control the capital and the nominal heads of the RSFSR from the formation of the USSR to the establishment of the presidency of Russia. [24] Henry A. Kissinger, the American National Security Advisor, mistakenly believed that Kosygin was the leader of the Soviet Union and that he was at the helm of Soviet foreign policy because he represented the Soviet Union at the 1967 Glassboro Summit Conference. Eye-popping as this may seem to read, the achievements of Russian leaders are even more startling. Right from the current president Vladimir Putin to legendary leaders like Joseph Stalin, Nicholas II, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, and others, Russian leaders shaped much of Russia’s and world’s political and military future. by thebail Plays Quiz not verified by Sporcle . Leaders of the Soviet Union: Is a video about the leaders that supreme rule of the former Soviet Union from 1922 to 1991 . Although the Russian effort is initially successful, the soldiers soon refuse to leave their trenches and fight due to low morale caused by the Revolution. [25] The "Era of Stagnation", a derogatory term coined by Mikhail Gorbachev, was a period marked by low socio-economic efficiency in the country and a gerontocracy ruling the country. The Russian honorific "czar"—sometimes spelled "tsar"—derives from none other than Julius Caesar, who predated the Russian Empire by 1,500 years.Equivalent to a king or an emperor, the czar was the autocratic, all-powerful ruler of Russia, an institution that … Currently voted the best answer. The European Union used a video summit of its 27 leaders to call on Russia to immediately release opposition leader Alexei Navalny and make sure that his rights are fully respected.. Navalny was arrested last Sunday at a Moscow airport as he tried to enter the country from Germany, where he had spent five months recovering from nerve agent poisoning he blames … Russian opposition leader Alexey Navalny speaks with journalists upon the arrival at Sheremetyevo airport in Moscow, Russia January 17, ... Putin and the law and order machine. Russian minister of war Alexander Karensky launches an offensive against Austria-Hungary forces in Galicia. 1 Leader of the Provisonal Government 1919 2 Presidents of the Communist party of the Soviet Union 1919 - 1985 3 Premiers of the Soviet Union 1919-1985 4 Presidents of Russia 1985 - … Kerensky served as the second Prime Minister of the Russian Provisional Government until Vladimir Lenin was elected by the All-Russian Congress of Soviets following the October Revolution. Soldiers’ committees debate orders and encourage soldiers to disobey officers. His rule lasted for little more than a year until his death thirteen months later on 10 March 1985. His actions, both during and after WW2, helped create the Cold War, causing him to be labeled as perhaps the most important twentieth-century leader of all. Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny during a demonstration in Moscow on September 29, 2019. [29] In May 1985, Gorbachev publicly admitted the slowing down of the economic development and inadequate living standards, being the first Soviet leader to do so while also beginning a series of fundamental reforms. [13] Alexei Rykov succeeded Lenin as Chairman of the Sovnarkom and although he was de jure the most powerful person in the country, but in fact all power was concentrated in the hands of the "troika" - the union of three influential party figures: Grigory Zinoviev, Joseph Stalin and Lev Kamenev. Alexander Kerensky (4 May 1881 – 11 June 1970) was a major political leader before and during the Russian Revolutions of 1917. Sergey Lavrov denies alleged Russian interference in US elections: ‘I've seen no facts’ История России. Stalin continued to increase his influence in the party, and by the end of the 1920s he became the sole dictator of the USSR, defeating all his political opponents. Amid rumours about Russian President Vladimir Putin's health, the BBC Russian Service looks at past Russian and Soviet leaders, and how the authorities reported their illnesses and deaths. This timeline shows the leaders of the Soviet Union and when they ruled starting with Kerensky, the head of the Provisional Government, and ending with Gorbachev in 1991 when the Russian Republic was formed. Having said that, there have been many leaders who are honoured and loved till date for their work, be it John F. Kennedy, Nelson Mandela, Martin Luther King Jr., Mikhail Gorbachev and so on. The Russian Tsars Before the revolution, Russia was ruled by a powerful monarch called the Tsar. First, the February Russian Revolution toppled the Russian monarchy and established a Provisional Government. 1. Legally, the highest officials of the Soviet state were: List of Russian monarchs § Princes of Ancient Rus', 862–1547, List of Russian monarchs § Tsars of Russia, 1547–1721, Состав руководящих органов ЦК Коммунистической Партии (1919—1990), Как передавали власть правители Руси, России, Российской империи, СССР, Российской Федерации, Титулы российских императоров по современным документам, с библиографией, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_leaders_of_Russia&oldid=1001831493, Lists of political office-holders in Russia, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Sviatopolk the Cursed (August 14, 1018 — 1019), Yaroslav the Wise (1019 — February 20, 1054), Iziaslav I (July 15, 1077 — October 3, 1078), Yuri the Long Hands (August 1150 — early 1151), Iziaslav II (March 1151 — November 13, 1154), Yuri the Long Hands (March 20, 1155 — May 15, 1157), Mikhalko I (June 15, 1175 — June 20, 1176), Andrey of Gorodets (1293 — July 27, 1304), Vasily II the Dark (summer 1433 — March 31, 1434), Yury of Zvenigorod (March 31 — June 5, 1434), Vasily II the Dark (July 1434 — July 7, 1445), Vasily II the Dark (October 26, 1445 — February 13, 1446), Dmitry Shemyaka (February 12, 1446 — February 17, 1447), Vasily II the Dark (February 17, 1447 — March 27, 1462), Leonid Brezhnev (May 7, 1960 — July 15, 1964), Leonid Brezhnev (June 16, 1977 — November 10, 1982), Yuri Andropov (June 16, 1983 — February 9, 1984), Konstantin Chernenko (April 11, 1984 — March 10, 1985), Mikhail Gorbachev (October 1, 1988 — December 25, 1991), Руководители России, СССР, РФ (862—2004) //. 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