41.9%. Although members of these discriminated communities are physically indistinguishable from other Japanese, they often live in urban ghettoes or in the traditional special hamlets in rural areas, and membership can be surmised from the location of the family home, occupation, dialect, or mannerisms. A significant number of foreign residents of Japan are employed on a short term contractual basis under programs administered by the Japanese government. Source: UN World Population Prospects[40], Between 6 million and 7 million people moved their residences each year during the 1980s. More than half of all resident foreigners (1.15 million) are in their 20s and 30s. This is because Japanese law does not recognise dual citizenship after the age of adulthood, and so people becoming naturalised Japanese citizens must relinquish citizenship of other countries when they reach the age of 20. Japan is considered to be a developed nation. Asian migrant wives of Japanese men have also contributed to the foreign-born population in the country. [14], Japan's population density was 336 people per square kilometer as of 2014 (874 people per square mile) according to World Development Indicators. Since then, Japan still has one of the most uniform ethnicities. スミス "Sumisu" for "Smith") are also legally acceptable. They have co-existed for more than a thousand years. The Ryukyuan Japanese have several different recognized subgroups and their unique language makes up one of the two branches of the Japonic language family. The third largest minority group among Japanese citizens is the Ainu, whose language is an isolate. Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US, The 10 Biggest Shopping Malls In The World. Compared to the findings of July 1993 as well as in July 2000, the population density has greatly increased, from 50% of the population living on 2% of the land to 77%. [52], Japanese people enjoy a high standard of living, and nearly 90% of the population consider themselves part of the middle class. According to the Japanese Health Ministry, the population is estimated to drop from its current state of 125.71 million to 86.74 million by the year 2060. (2.7%), Aichi Unlike Western European nations and the United States, the little immigration to Japan has limited changes to Japanese demographics. The demographics of Japan and the human resources available for your business. June 1965) between South Korea and Japan. Japan Statistical Agency monthly Population Estimate. Japanese 98.1%, Chinese 0.5%, Korean 0.4%, other 1% (includes Filipino, Vietnamese, and Brazilian) (2016 est.) Factbook > Countries > Japan > Demographics Ethnic groups: Japanese 98.1%, Chinese 0.5%, Korean 0.4%, other 1% (includes Filipino, Vietnamese, and Brazilian) (2016 est.) Chinese, Filipinos, Koreans, and Brazilians account for about 69.5% of foreign residents in Japan. We said. (1.0%), Kanagawa The Ryukyuan people and language originated in the Ryukyu Islands, which are in Okinawa prefecture. About 80 million of the urban population is heavily concentrated on the Pacific shore of Honshu.[23]. [73][74] 106,000 Westerners permanently live in Japan. [16] After a decade of declining land prices, residents began moving back into central city areas (especially Tokyo's 23 wards), as evidenced by 2005 census figures. However, the majority of these immigrants will only remain in Japan for a maximum of five years, as many of them have entered the country in order to complete trainee programmes. International Statistics at", "Being 'hafu' in Japan: Mixed-race people face ridicule, rejection", "Half, bi or double? [97] The koseki system continues for Japanese citizens, while foreigners are recorded in a separate residency management system administered by immigration offices which combines the previous immigration status and local alien registration systems. In Japanese and Nikkei at Home Abroad, ed. Some ethnic Koreans and Chinese and their descendants (who may speak only Japanese and may never have even visited the country whose nationality they hold) do not wish to abandon this other citizenship. Within this group, a number hold Special Permanent Resident status, granted under the terms of the Normalisation Treaty (22. Together these countries makes up 91,126 or 82.6% of all new residents from 2014 to 2015. Demographics Demographics of Japan, Japanese people, and Ethnic issues in Japan Japan’s population is estimated at around 127.3 million, with 80% of the population living on Honshu. [31] Japanese society is linguistically, ethnically and culturally homogeneous. Within each ethnicity, you can find several different sub-groups. [67], Characterized as remnants of a primitive circumpolar culture, the fewer than 20,000 Ainu in 1990 were considered racially distinct and thus not fully Japanese. [69] Southeast Asia too, also has significant populations of people with half-Japanese ancestry, particularly in the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. The “Invisible” Japanese in the Heart of the Heartland: Ethnicity and Local Phenomena. B.R. The majority of long-term residents were from Asia, totalling 478,953. [25] In 2014, 26% of Japan's population was estimated to be 65 years or older,[26] and the Health and Welfare Ministry has estimated that over-65s will account for 40% of the population by 2060. [72] In the following year the government contrived, with the help of the Red Cross, a scheme to "repatriate" Korean residents, who mainly were from the Southern Provinces, to their "home" of North Korea. Unlike ethnicity, which is tied to a particular people or place, race is imprecise. Mitchell. As a result, both native and naturalized Japanese citizens are counted in a single group. [27] The demographic shift in Japan's age profile has triggered concerns about the nation's economic future and the viability of its welfare state. [43], According to the Japanese immigration centre,[31] the number of foreign residents in Japan has steadily increased, and the number of foreign residents (excluding a small number of illegal immigrants and short-term visitors, such as foreign nationals staying less than 90 days in Japan),[44] exceeded 2.2 million people in 2008. Metropolitan Tokyo-Yokohama, with its population of 35 million residents, is the world's most populous city. During Japan's economic development in the twentieth century, and especially during the 1950s and 1960s, migration was characterized by urbanizationas people from rural areas in increasing numbers moved to the larger metropolitan areas in search of bett… [15], In the 1980s, government policy provided support for new urban development away from the large cities, particularly Tokyo, and assisted regional cities to attract young people to live and work there. When the Treaty of San Francisco came into force many ethnic Koreans lost their Japanese citizenship from April 28, 1952 and with it the right to welfare grants, to hold a government job of any kind or to attend Japanese schools. [95] The government administered Technical Intern Training Program, first established in 1993, provided over 190,000 short term contracted workers in 2015. Japan has indigenous minority groups such as the Ainu and Ryukyuans, who generally speak Japanese. (0.9%), Fukuoka Transliterations of non-Japanese names using katakana (e.g. Cities with significant populations of Japanese nationals in 2015 included: Note: The above data shows the number of Japanese nationals living overseas. Chinese and Vietnamese. About 50% of these moves were within the same prefecture; the others were relocations from one prefecture to another. [52][need quotation to verify] There is an increase of foreign residents, but they are not Japanese nationals and most temporarily live in Japan for a few months or years. During the Sanzan period (1314-1429) in Okinawa, Chinese people were known to have migrated to the country at the invitation of the Ryukuyuan Kings to serve as royal advisers. Japan faces the same problems that confront urban industrialized societies throughout the world: overcrowded cities and congested highways. Find high-quality stock photos that you won't find anywhere else. 8.6%. In the old "Technical Trainee programme" a foreign employee was tied to their employer. Most of the comments and statistical data for this purpose have been drawn from principal statistical publications available from government and other leading sources. [38]:page 30. Population and population growth rate - Japan: 1920 to 2010 71,998,104 as of November 1 which excludes Okinawa ken. miles). [15], Japan has a high population concentration in urban areas on the plains since 75% of Japan’s land area is made up of mountains,[21] and also Japan has a forest cover rate of 68.5% (the only other developed countries with such a high forest cover percentage are Finland and Sweden). In 2012, the highest TFR was 1.90, in Okinawa, and the lowest was 1.09, in Tokyo. The laws, however, did eliminate the economic monopoly they had over certain occupations. [15], With a decreasing total population, internal migration results in only 8 prefectures showing an increase in population. The percentages represent the portion of MyHeritage DNA users in Japan who have that ethnicity. Who Comprises Japan. (1.0%), Saitama Vietnamese makes the largest increase, however Burmese, Cambodians, Filipinos and Chinese are also increasing. [64], Three native Japanese minority groups can be identified. Japan formally accepts foreign blue-collar workers. Names using Western alphabet, Korean alphabet, Arabic characters, etc. Japanese and Korean. [30], Naturalized Japanese citizens and native-born Japanese nationals with multi-ethnic background are all considered to be Japanese in the population census of Japan. Search from Japanese Ethnicity stock photos, pictures and royalty-free images from iStock. Historically the bulk of those taking Japanese citizenship have not been foreign-born immigrants but rather Japanese-born descendants of Koreans and Taiwanese who lost their citizenship in the Japanese Empire in 1947 as part of the American Occupation policy for Japan. Historically, the Ainu were an indigenous hunting and gathering population who occupied most of northern Honshū as late as the Nara period (A.D. 710–94). About 50% of these moves were within the same prefecture; the others were relocations from one prefecture to another. [58][59][60][61] Japanese have been surveyed to be relatively lacking in financial satisfaction. Nobuko Adachi, 35–51. The population of only Japanese nationals was 123.352 million in July 2020. The current issue of the shrinking workforce in Japan alongside its aging population has resulted in a recent need to attract foreign labour to the country. [32][33][34], Japan's total fertility rate (TFR) in 2012 was estimated at 1.41 children per woman, increasing slightly from 1.32 in the 2001–05 period. (July 1993). The demographic features of the population of Japan include population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. Distinctive rhythmic music and dances and some Ainu festivals and crafts are preserved, but mainly in order to take advantage of tourism.[15]. In order to qualify, applicants must pass a language and skills test (level N4 or higher of the Japanese-Language Proficiency Test). Japan's first known Chinese visitor was Hui Shen, who was a Buddhist missionary who visited Japan in 499 AD, as described later in the book Liang Shu a little more than a century later. The latest population census reflects the situation as of 1 October 2015. [75], A number of long-term resident Koreans in Japan today retain familial links with the descendants of Koreans,[76] that either immigrated voluntarily or were forcibly relocated during the Japanese Occupation of the Korea. Birth and death rates of Japan since… Out of them, 52.23% or 66,427,590 people are an active workforce. [63] In 2010, 32,000 Japanese committed suicide, which translates to an average of 88 Japanese suicides a day in 2010. [11][12] Over the period of 2010 to 2015, the population shrank by almost a million. In Japanese Diasporas: Unsung Pasts, Conflicting Presents, and Uncertain Futures, ed. The same increase took 61 years in Italy, 85 years in Sweden, and 115 years in France. Learn more. Show all ethnicities. [15] However, many studies on happiness and satisfaction with life tend to find that Japanese people average relatively low levels of life satisfaction and happiness when compared with most of the highly developed world; the levels have remained consistent if not declining slightly over the last half century. [79] Between 1959 and 1984 93,430 people used this route. [15] In 1991, as the bubble economy started to collapse, land prices began a steep decline, and within a few years fell 60% below their peak. The majority of Japan is made up of Japanese people who solely speak Japanese. Birth and death rates of Japan since 1950 As of March 2009, Japan's population [15], The result was lengthy commutes for many workers in the big cities, especially in Tokyo area where daily commutes of two hours each way are common. [82] Migrant wives often travel as mail-order brides as a result of arranged marriages with Japanese men. The Japanese society of Yamato people is linguistically homogeneous with small populations of Koreans (0.9 million), Chinese/Taiwanese (0.65 million), Filipino (306,000 some being Japanese Filipino; children of Japanese and Filipino parentage). The total number of permanent residents had declined over the previous 5 years due to high cost of living. Nevertheless, major cities, especially Tokyo, Yokohama and Fukuoka, and to a lesser extent Kyoto, Osaka and Nagoya, remain attractive to young people seeking education and jobs. However, as the years have progressed since the last recordings of the population, Japan’s population has decreased, raising concern about the future of Japan. Between 1955 and 1989, land prices in the six largest cities increased 15,000% (+12% a year). In 1999, 99.4% of the population was Japanese. Statistics Bureau of Japan (SBJ) [8] In 2014 a new record of population decrease—268,000 persons—occurred. [3], Since 2010, Japan has experienced net population loss due to falling birth rates and minimal immigration, despite having one of the highest life expectancies in the world, at 85.00 years as of 2016[update] (it stood at 81.25 as of 2006). [101] There are small Christian and other minorities as well, with the Christian population dating to as early as the 1500s, as a result of European missionary work before sakoku was implemented from 1635–1853. are not acceptable as legal names. The first ethnic Chinese immigrants are thought to have first come to Japan around 2,300 years ago from both China and the Korean Peninsula. Of these foreign residents below, the new wave started 2014 comes to Japan as students or trainees. How Many Serial Killers Are On The Loose Today? [31], Live births, birth and death rates and overall fertility rate in Japan from 1899 to present. The demographic features of the population of Japan include population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects regarding the population. As of 2014, parkland per inhabitant in Tokyo is 5.78 square meters,[18] which is roughly half of the 11.5 square meters of Madrid. Thus, in the 1970s and 1980s a plethora of books and articles was published which extolled the alleged uniqueness of Japanese culture. Population projections are a common demographic tool. United Nations World Population Prospects (2004 revision), The Dilemma Posed by Japan's Population Decline, Another Tsunami Warning: Caring for Japan’s Elderly, The New Illegal Immigration in Japan, 1980-1992, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_Japan&oldid=1002015168, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Library of Congress Country Studies, Articles with Japanese-language sources (ja), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from February 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2012, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from July 2018, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Natural growth from January - August 2019 =, Natural growth from January - August 2020 =, This page was last edited on 22 January 2021, at 12:04. By the late 1980s, these problems, particularly the bullying of returnee children in schools, had become a major public issue both in Japan and in Japanese communities abroad.[15]. [96] The Japanese government has begun to examine this problem and has sought to both strengthen the vocational training aspect of the work program oversight. Thai, Vietnamese, and Taiwanese long-term residents totaled 47,956, and those from other Asian countries totaled 34,274. Since then, all residents are recorded by municipal offices in the jūminhyō system. A recent growth in blue collar employment using documented short term contractual labour from developing countries has also contributed to the rise in the resident foreign population. [83] Additionally, Japanese men in urban parts of the country have also begun marrying foreign Asian women. China Urban Population Currently, 59.7 % of the population of China is urban (856,409,297 people in 2019) During the Edo period, such people were required to live in special buraku and, like the rest of the population, were bound by sumptuary laws based on the inheritance of social class. The number of naturalizations peaked in 2008 at 16,000, declining to over 9,000 in the most recent year for which data are available. 16.4%. [98], As of November 20, 2007, all foreigners entering Japan must be biometrically registered (photograph and fingerprints) on arrival; this includes people living in Japan on visas as well as permanent residents, but excludes people with special permanent resident permission, diplomats, and those under 16.[99][100]. 6,737 were Japanese or Chinese dependents. Such a characterization contributes to the image of Japan and Japanese culture as unique. And, to be frank, there isn't any real scientific basis for dividing people into races. How Many Serial Killers Are Active In The UK Now? [31], In 2010, the number of foreigners in Japan was 2,134,151. Estimates of their number range from 2 to 4 million (about 2% to 3% of the national population). Many farmers supplement their income with part-time jobs in nearby towns and cities. Vietnamese made the largest proportion of these new foreign residents, whilst Nepalese, Filipino, Chinese and Taiwanese are also significant in numbers. In 2005, there were 1,555,505 foreign residents in Japan, representing 1.22% of the Japanese population. This means that only 0.6% belonged to other ethnic groups. note: data represent population by nationality; up to 230,000 Brazilians of Japanese origin migrated to Japan in the 1990s to work in industries; some have returned to Brazil. However, the term Yamato Japanese did was not used until the late 1800s so that the people of mainland Japan would be distinguished from the other ethnic groups who were being incorporated into the Empire of Japan. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects.These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Tokyo, which … This indicator is measured in terms of annual growth rate and in thousands of people. 6%. [68] Most intermarriages in Japan are between Japanese men and women from other Asian countries, including China, the Philippines and South Korea. The population of foreign residents usually living in Japan was 1,648 thousand, a 5.9% increase from 2005. As is discussed in this Harvard piece , genetic differences between people of the same "race" (black people or Asian people) can be as wide or wider than genetic differences between people who aren't. Demographics of Japan 1 Demographics of Japan The demographic features of the population of Japan include population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. This caused numerous cases of exploitation. For example, someone who is Japanese but raised in America could consider their ethnicity as Japanese-American because they align with cultural traditions of both groups. Discover your ethnicity with AncestryDNA. These foreigners are registered under student visa or trainee visa which gives them the student residency status, Most of these new foreigners are under this visa. One family's trouble", "Japan sees record high number of foreign residents: Justice Ministry", "Japan's Foreign Population Climbs to All-Time High", https://web.archive.org/web/20180327132827/http://www.moj.go.jp/content/001254624.pdf, "在留外国人統計(旧登録外国人統計) 2017年6月 | ファイルから探す | 統計データを探す | 政府統計の総合窓口", "Japan immigration hits record high as foreign talent fills gaps", "New immigration rules to stir up Japan's regional rentals scene — if they work", "Implications of Japan's Changing Demographics", "Japan's Resilient Demand for Foreign Workers", "Japanese Immigration Policy: Responding to Conflicting Pressures", "Start of new residency management system", "To all foreign nationals residing in Japan Beginning on Monday, July 9, 2012, Start of a new residency management system!". Chinese made up the largest portion of them with 215,155, followed by Filipinos with 115,857, and Koreans with 65,711. Regional cities offered familiarity to those from nearby areas, lower costs of living, shorter commutes, and, in general, a more relaxed lifestyle than could be had in larger cities. [94] Given growing manpower shortages, immigrant workers continue to play an important role taking low skilled and manual labour jobs. (2.9%), Tokyo The effects of having a homogeneous society implicate many half-Japanese and foreigners alike. Disease and a low birth rate had severely diminished their numbers over the past two centuries, and intermarriage had brought about an almost completely mixed population. It ranks 35th in a list of countries by population density, ranking directly above Philippines (347 per km2) and directly below Curacao (359 per km2). [9] As of 2013[update] more than 20 percent of the population of Japan were aged 65 and over. The revision gives foreign workers more freedom to leave and change their employer.[93]. Starting in 1371, the Ryukyu islands became a key trade intermediary between China and Japan. [5], Based on 2012 data from the National Institute of Population and Social Security Research, Japan's population will keep declining by about one million people every year in the coming decades, which would leave it with a population of around 70 million by 2060 and 42 million by early 22nd century if the current projections do not change. It was published by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan and relates to 2015. [77] In many cases special residents, despite being born in Japan and speaking Japanese, have chosen not to take advantage of the mostly automatic granting of citizenship to special resident applicants. There are many causes, such as the declining birthrates, as well as the ratio of men to women since the last measurements from the years of 2006 and 2010. Popular discourse within Japan and stereotypes of the Japanese by outsiders portray Japan as an ethnically homogenous society. portray conditions in modernday Japan from a variety of - perspectives, including demographics, economic and social trends, and culture. During the Meiji period and the Taisho period (1912-26) many Chinese students came to Japan, mostly living in Tokyo, to study at universities since Japan was a cheaper and closer option them Europe or America. Examining contemporary Japan from this perspective offers many insights about identity, ideology, race, ethnicity and the narrative of homogeneity. Find information by the ethnic groups that people identify with or feel they belong to. [92], On April 1, 2019, Japan's revised immigration law was enacted. The Korean figures do not include zainichi Koreans with tokubetsu eijusha ("special permanent resident") visas, of whom there were 354,503 (of a total of 358,409 of all nationalities with such visas). The largest native ethnic group in Japan is the Yamato people, although large minority groups include the indigenous Ryukyuan and Ainu peoples. [citation needed]. Demographics of Japan: Demographics of Japan - Get the report with graphs and tables on!This dossier provides a range of statistics and facts on population. [42], About 663,300 Japanese were living abroad, approximately 75,000 of whom had permanent foreign residency, more than six times the number who had that status in 1975. This helps reduce labour shortage in certain sectors of the economy. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com, Largest Ethnic Groups And Nationalities In The United States, Saudi Arabia's Ethnic Groups And Nationalities, 10 Countries Where Women Far Outnumber Men, The Most Famous Serial Killers In America And Their Twisted Crimes. Chinese characters are usually legally acceptable as nearly all Chinese characters are recognized as valid by the Japanese government. According to the Statistical Bureau of Japan, the population of Japan as of December 2020 is at 125.71 million, including foreign residents. Non-ethnic Japanese in the past, and to an extent in the present, also live in small numbers in the Japanese archipelago. The Meiji government abolished most derogatory names applied to these discriminated communities in 1871, but the new laws had little effect on the social discrimination faced by the former outcasts and their descendants. Foreign residents were recorded only in an alien registration system separate from the koseki (family registry) and jūminhyō (resident registry) systems in which Japanese citizens were registered until a new registration system was enacted in July 2012. For many families, this trend put housing in central cities out of reach. Demographic statistics from the CIA World Factbook, Foreign residents on short term employment contracts, Fingerprinting foreigners when entering Japan. The 2010 census shows 90.7% of the total Japanese population live in cities. Well known programs include: In the light of current demographic trends Japan is likely to experience a decrease in tax revenue without a corresponding decrease in welfare expenses for an increasingly elderly population. Osaka had a net loss of nearly 36,000 in the same year. The Japanese population stood at thousand, remaining almos125,359 t at the same level as 2005. As trainees, labor standards law and minimum wage legislation has on occasion been ignored by unscrupulous employers. ———. Starting in 1371, the Ryukyu islands became a key trade intermediary between Chinaand Japan. Have also begun marrying foreign Asian women manual labour jobs citizens are counted in a single.. 1988 more than a thousand years. [ 93 ] branches of the population... Migrant wives often travel as mail-order brides as a result of arranged with! 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